The European Commission concluded negotiations on the EU-Mercosur trade agreement in June 2019, with no tangible evidence of the social and environmental impact of the agreement. That is why the Veblen Institute, the Nicolas Hulot Foundation, Clientearth, Fern and the International Federation for Human Rights are filing a complaint with the EU Ombudsman. This would make it illegal to sell imitations. This means that the use of a GI for non-authentic GI products is prohibited and expressions such as “type,” “type,” “style” or “imitation” are not permitted. In addition, the agreement provides protection against the misleading use of symbols, flags or images indicating a “false” geographical origin. For example, no one can name Roquefort unless it is the real cheese produced in Roquefort, France, under certain production conditions. The agreement will make it easier for EU companies to sell their services to Mercosur, both locally and across borders. Following the adoption and publication, On 1 July 2019, from the “agreement in principle” of 17 languages, 29 unfinished texts of the chapters and annexes of the trade agreement with the Disclaimer were published in July and September 2019, that they “were published only for informational purposes and that further changes may be made, including as a result of the legal review process.” The main plans to liberalise goods, services and investment have not yet been released.  In the meantime, negotiations continued for the other parts of the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement and ended on 18 June 2020 with an agreement on the pillars of political dialogue and cooperation, the preamble and institutional and final arrangements.  This text has not yet been published by the official authorities, but has been disclosed by Greenpeace.  Greenpeace condemned that commitments to protect nature or manage the climate emergency, as defined in the UNFCCC Paris Agreement, were not included in the conditions under which one party could clean up the other sanction or suspend the agreement.
 The agreement is expected to result in a significant increase in Brazilian beef exports to all EU countries.   Under the agreement, the EU will open its markets to a quota of up to 99,000 tonnes of beef per year, at a preferential rate of 7.5% inches.  Farmers across the EU oppose it, especially small farmers who fear being underestimated in terms of prices.  The COPA-COGECA union, which represents 23 million farmers in the EU, warned that the agreement “will go down in history as a very dark moment”.  The Irish Farmers` Association condemned the agreement as a “shameful and weak sell-off”.  Within the EU, following discussions and the conclusion of the treaty, the text of the agreement will be published on the European Commission`s website, and so will the EU and Mercosur, which is committed to effectively implementing the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. The failure to comply with this pre-assessment obligation is all the more serious because the EU-Mercosur agreement could contribute to a worsening of an already very degraded human rights and environmental situation, as the Veblen Institute and the FNH analysed in their report “A Losing Loser Agreement” on the first elements of the published agreement.