The representative of the United Kingdom placed great importance on a consensus between the parties on developments affecting a common natural resource. The progress and commitment of the three parties is a testament to the spirit of cooperation beyond the Nile. However, an agreement requires compromises on the part of all parties. It is important that all parties keep in mind the key principles agreed in the Declaration of Principles, he said, adding that discussions should continue and conclude in this direction. The United Kingdom is convinced that Egypt, Ethiopia and the Sudanese states together have the strength and the will to reach an agreement for the benefit of all. She welcomed the determination of the parties to negotiate an agreement and the efforts of the African Union to facilitate the process and said that the remaining technical and legal differences, including the need for an agreement, a dispute resolution mechanism and water flow management during droughts. Although the United Nations was not involved in the negotiations, the Secretary-General is fully open to this issue. The United Nations stands ready to provide support, if necessary, to support technical and competent assistance at the request of the three countries, including any support that may be needed in the African Union-led process. The delegate of the Russian Federation said that the search for a solution acceptable to both sides should be done in accordance with the spirit and letter of the Khartoum Declaration of 2015, taking into account progress on a number of issues, from the filling of the dam to the safety of the projects. At the recent meeting of the African Union, a promising cooperation format was created – a tripartite committee on technical and legal issues to deal with all outstanding issues concerning the operation of the dams.
He drew attention to the contributions made by African states to the implementation of differences between the three nations and said that their African counterparts had demonstrated their commitment to the principle of “African solutions to African problems”. He expressed the hope that Addis Ababa, Cairo and Khartoum would be able to reach a mutually acceptable agreement in the interest of maintaining stability in the region and said that the solution of disputes depended on negotiations that would respect the interests of all parties and would be in accordance with international law. The Russian Federation has a real interest in resolving the problem quickly, as it would contribute to progress, progress in development and prosperity on the African continent, in line with the objectives set at the first “Russia-Africa” economic forum and summit held in Sochi in 2019. The representative of Estonia said that the issue of the Renaissance dam in Great Ethiopia could only be resolved by mutual agreement through direct discussions and an agreement between the three countries concerned. He asked them to stay the course and encouraged them to continue negotiations in good faith, to make the necessary concessions and to reach a mutually beneficial tripartite agreement. I hope that an agreement can be reached in the coming weeks, as the African Union process provides. He added that this was a historic opportunity for the parties to lead by example and show the world how to turn a source of conflict into cooperation. – cooperation based on common understanding, mutual benefits, good faith, win-win and the principles of international law.
An agreement between Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan on the great Ethiopian Renaissance dam is within reach, with the United Nations ready to support the talks and the African Union`s process to resolve the remaining disputes, the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs and Peacemaking at the Security Council said in a video conference on 29 June.