“Dialogue is the only real way to find a lasting solution to the Kosovo issue,” he said. He thanked the U.S. government for its efforts to facilitate an economic standardization agreement and said such progress was essential to improving daily life throughout the region. However, Pristina has already begun to violate this agreement. “It is high time they acted in a serious and responsible way,” he said. He noted that ethnic Serbs continue to be attacked and intimidated in Kosovo – with hatred on social media – he expressed concern that these incidents continue despite numerous direct appeals to local authorities and even in the midst of the COVID 19 pandemic. On Monday, both sides said the U.S. agreement could “make a useful contribution” to a future global dialogue. For places like Kosovo, which are still suffering from the consequences of past conflicts, cooperation, unity of political voice and vision, dialogue and prevention of extreme polarization must be a top priority. This solidarity, particularly in the context of the current pandemic, should be strongly focused on achieving a difficult balance between public health, economic recovery and human rights. In this sense, the heads of state and government of both sides should move resolutely towards a comprehensive agreement, peace and long-term reconciliation.

However, Serbia has agreed that progress in implementing the Brussels agreement will be a precondition for EU accession negotiations as part of the opening of Chapter 35 negotiations in December 2015. [Citation required] With only 2 pages, the agreement has 15 paragraphs. Paragraphs 1 to 6 concern the establishment, scope and functions of a proposed community of Serbian communes. Paragraphs 7 to 9 concern police and security structures and provide for the organization of a police unit for the whole of Kosovo, including its northern parts, known as the “Kosovo Police”. Paragraph 11 provides that local elections are held throughout Kosovo in accordance with Kosovo law. Paragraph 12 provides for an implementation plan and sets a date (to date) for the completion of the plan. Paragraph 13 contains a commitment to intensify discussions on energy and telecommunications. Paragraph 14 states that “neither side will block the other side`s progress on their respective EU trajectories or encourage others to block them.” Paragraph 15 provides for the creation of an enforcement committee with the EU. The Brussels meeting comes just days after an unexpected White House agreement on normalizing economic relations. The Serbian National Assembly did not treat the agreement as international and did not ratify it into a binding law, which is a necessary procedure for international agreements in Serbia.

[21] However, it only accepted the government report on “the process of political and technical dialogue with the temporary institutions of Pristina, under the aegis of the EU, including the process of implementing the agreements reached”. [22] The Constitutional Court of Belgrade did not respond to the question of the constitutionality of the agreement and stated in December 2014[23] that the issue raised was political and not legal. Following the conclusion of the agreement, the European Commission officially announced that work on the ASA with Kosovo[8] and accession negotiations with Serbia had begun. The agreement was supported by the European Union, NATO, the OSCE and the United Nations. [9] Serbian Foreign Minister Ivica Dasai said UNMIK`s presence remained crucial to building a lasting peace on the ground. He cancelled his country`s long-standing and responsible attitude towards dialogue with Pristina and said he had signed the 2013 Brussels agreement after a series of difficult negotiations and major concessions from Belgrade.